How did the Medieval conception of the role of the artist shift as Europe entered the Renaissance?Group of answer choices During the Renaissance, artists were hired as mercenaries.
During the Renaissance, artists came to be seen as individuals of creative genius.
During the Renaissance, artists were viewed as anonymous workers.
During the Renaissance, artists became political figures.
During the Renaissance, artists amassed incredible wealth.
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How was Giotto’s treatment of the human figure in works such as Lamentation a departure from the past?Group of answer choices His figures are flattened.
His figures’ portray their personal feelings.
His figures are shown in deep convincing space.
HIs figures were not naturalistic.
His figures are completely stylized.
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Caravaggio broke with Renaissance tradition in The Conversion of St. Paul. Which of the following characteristics of Caravaggio’s painting most influenced later Baroque painters?Group of answer choices The use of color
Dramatic use of light
The idealized figures
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Very little Ancient Greek painting has survived. Generally, where is Ancient Greek painting preserved?Group of answer choices In architecture
On Greek pottery
On the walls of the Parthenon
In Medieval manuscripts
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What is Contrapposto?Group of answer choices A device used by Romans to keep a sculpture from sagging
A method used to give a lifelike quality to figures
A method used by Classical Greek architects to build the Parthenon
A technique used by Ancient Egyptian artists
A system of balance found in ancient Egyptian funerary sculpture
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What, specifically, makes The Holy Trinity by Masaccio so revolutionary?Group of answer choices It was the first ancient sculpture which contained three figures.
It is the first freestanding sculpture since ancient times.
It was the first painting done in oil on canvas.
It is the oldest Gothic painting in France.
It was the first painting based on the systematic use of linear perspective.
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In Byzantine religious mosaics, such as those in the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, why did artists present highly stylized images?Group of answer choices So that they would look more like a real person.
The skill to create naturalistic images had been lost.
To challenge the authority of the emperor.
In order to make Christian figures seem naturalistic.
To follow the biblical prohibition against making images.
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How does Raphael’s The School of Athens elevate human reason?Group of answer choices With the use of atmospheric perspective.
Raphael got his Master’s degree from the School of Athens.
By illustrating a biblical story.
Through the use of the stairway in the foreground.
By presenting a philosophical discussion among learned people.
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Where is the meeting of decorative nomadic styles (e.g. animal style) with Christianity most clearly seen? Group of answer choices In the Parthenon.
In holy books created in Ireland.
In Baroque paintings.
In Byzantine icons.
In High Renaissance paintings.
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Northern Renaissance artists such as Pieter Bruegel painted images that depicted the lives and surroundings of common people. What is the name for this type of painting?Group of answer choices Classical painting
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How does Michelangelo’s portrayal of The Creation of Adam, on the Sistine ceiling, express the Renaissance humanist concept of God?Group of answer choices God is portrayed as a passive observer.
God is portrayed as Zeus.
God is disinterested in mortals.
God is portrayed as an idealized, rational man.
God is depicted as an ethereal being.
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Why are the human figures in Egyptian painting and sculpture presented either in a completely frontal position or in profile?Group of answer choices This was the universally accepted rule of all art of the Classical period.
To avoid ambiguity caused by chance angles of view.
In order to confuse the Pharoah during his afterlife.
Because these designs make the tourist trinkets way cooler to look at.
They learned this style by studying ancient Greek art.
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How does the design of an ancient Roman building, such as the Pantheon, differ from that of an ancient Greek temple, such as the Parthenon?Group of answer choices Greek temples were designed to accommodate large numbers of people.
Roman buildings were less opulent than Greek temples.
Roman buildings were designed as inner sanctuaries for priests.
Greek temples emphasize large interior spaces.
Roman buildings emphasize large interior spaces.
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What religious development in the Sixteenth and early Seventeenth centuries most encouraged the Baroque style in Italian art?Group of answer choices The Eastern Orthodox church
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How does Caravaggios’s paintings reflect his life and temperament?Group of answer choices Caravaggio painted the dramatic people and events he knew from experience.
Caravaggio always painted his subjects exactly as the clergy requested.
Caravaggio idealized his paintings in the Renaissance tradition.
They express the quiet and meditative aspects of Caravaggio’s life.
Caravaggio was a hopeless Romantic and his paintings express this.
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Which of the following variations correct optical illusions and make the Parthenon visually appealing?Group of answer choices The perfect use of contrapposto.
The columns have an almost imperceptible buldge.
The use of linear perspective.
The axis lines of the columns are completely vertical.
All of the major lines of the building are perfectly straight.
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How does the portraiture of the Roman Republican period differ from that of the Greeks?Group of answer choices Roman portraiture is more idealized than Greek portraiture.
Roman portraiture is not realistic
Roman portraiture resembles that of the Ancient Egyptians.
Roman portraiture records physical details and imperfections.
Roman portraiture is less naturalistic.
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What effect did protection by formidable deserts on both sides of the Nile have on the arts of ancient Egypt?Group of answer choices The formidable deserts prevented the Nile from flooding.
Artists living in these areas were free to create work which was highly personal.
Egyptian artists were able to master perspective and implied depth
The protection by formidable deserts made radical aesthetic advances possible.
Isolation enabled Egypt to develop artistic styles that remained relatively unchanged.
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Abbot Suger is credited with starting the costly, yet light-filled Gothic style in architecture. What was his idea of the church’s spiritual purpose?Group of answer choices To feed the poor and needy.
To celebrate the simple life of the worshippers.
To celebrate the power of the common people.
To raise the spirit of church visitors.
To celebrate the virtue of democratic society.
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For Renaissance humanists, how was a nude such as Donatello’s David a representation of the Neoplatonist philosophy?Group of answer choices It depicted David as a man of action.
It was a symbol of human worth and divine beauty.
It was a symbol of the City State of Florence.
It was a Renaissance portrait of the philosopher Plato.
It was a work of the High Renaissance.
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Extra-Credit Short Answer – Worth 10 possible points
Notre Dame Cathedral (exterior) in Paris, France
Flying buttresses from Notre Dame Stained glass windows from Notre DameInstructions
Carefully read the questions, below, and provide a written response, in your own words, in the text box provided. Your answer must be between 50 and 100 words in length.
Your grade on this question will depend on:How completely you answer the questions.Your demonstrated understanding of concepts from the reading and videos.How clearly you express and support yourself. Be descriptive, concise, and refer to the images as you answer the questions.Background
Notre Dame cathedral, in Paris, is one of the most iconic buildings of the Gothic period, and has stood, mostly intact, for 850 years. The Gothic architectural style was largely made possible by the use of flying buttresses, as seen in the images above.
Please answer the following questions:
1. Describe the structural function of flying buttresses.
2. In what primary ways did the use of the flying buttress affect the overall design and appearance of this Gothic cathedral, as seen from the interior as well as the exterior of the building.
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Extra-Credit Short Answer – Worth 10 possible points
Ancient Egyptian portrait bust of Nefertiti, created by ThutmoseInstructions
Carefully read the question, below, and provide a written response, in your own words, in the text box provided. Your answer must be between 50 and 100 words in length.
Your grade on this question will depend on:How completely you answer the question.Your demonstrated understanding of concepts from the reading and videos.How clearly you express and support yourself. Be descriptive, concise, and refer to the image as you answer the question.Background
Created during the reign of Akhenaten and Nefertiti, during the Amarna period, the Ancient Egyptian portrait bust of Queen Nefertiti is one of the most well-known and iconic works in the history of art. Interestingly, this work was not intended to be placed in a tomb. Instead, it was found in the studio of Thutmose, the artist who created her.Question
Please explain, in 50 to 100 words, how this Ancient Egyptian portrait bust of Queen Nefertiti represents a break from the formal style and tradition of the Ancient Egyptian art that preceded it?As you write, please support your ideas with observations and descriptions of the portrait.