# A Assuming that all clocks produced are sold develop a a. Assuming that all clocks produced are…

A Assuming that all clocks produced are sold develop a
a. Assuming that all clocks produced are sold, develop a spreadsheet model for estimating the profit or loss from producing any particular number of clocks.

b. Use this spreadsheet to find the break-even point by trial and error.

c. Develop the corresponding mathematical expression for the estimated profit in terms of the number of clocks produced.

d. Use a graphical procedure to find the break-even point.

e. Use the algebraic procedure to find the break-even point.

A fairly reliable forecast now has been obtained indicating that the company would be able to sell 300 of the limited edition grandfather clocks, which appears to be enough to justify introducing this new product. However, Meredith is concerned that this conclusion might change if more accurate estimates were available for the various costs and revenues. Therefore, she wants sensitivity analysis done on these estimates. Use the Break-Even Analysis module in the Interactive Management Science Modules to perform sensitivity analysis by independently investigating each of the following questions.

f. How large can the cost of designing this product and setting up the production facilities be before the grandfather clocks cease to be profitable?

g. How large can the production cost for each additional clock be before the grandfather clocks cease to be profitable?

h. If both of the costs identified in parts f and g were 50% larger than their initial estimates, would producing and selling the grandfather clocks still be profitable?

i. How small can the price for selling each clock be before the grandfather clocks cease to be profitable?

Now suppose that 300 grandfather clocks are produced but only 200 are sold.

j. Would it still be profitable to produce and sell the grandfather clocks under this circumstance?

Founded nearly 50 years ago by Alfred Lester-Smith, Beautiful Clocks specializes in developing and marketing a diverse line of large ornamental clocks for the finest homes. Tastes have changed over the years, but the company has prospered by continually updating its product line to satisfy its affluent clientele. The Lester-Smith family continues to own a majority share of the company and the grandchildren of Alfred Lester-Smith now hold several of the top managerial positions. One of these grandchildren is Meredith Lester-Smith, the new CEO of the company.

Meredith feels a great responsibility to maintain the family heritage with the company. She realizes that the company needs to continue to develop and market exciting new products. Since the 50th anniversary of the founding of the company is rapidly approaching, she has decided to select a particularly special new product to launch with great fanfare on this anniversary. But what should it be? As she ponders this crucial decision, Meredith’s thoughts go back to the magnificent grandfather clock that her grandparents had in their home many years ago. She had admired the majesty of that clock as a child. How about launching a modern version of this clock?

This is a difficult decision. Meredith realizes that grandfather clocks now are largely out of style. However, if she is so nostalgic about the memory of the grandfather clock in her grandparents’ home, wouldn’t there be a considerable number of other relatively wealthy couples with similar memories who would welcome the prestige of adding the grandeur of a beautifully designed limited-edition grandfather clock in their home? Maybe. This also would highlight the heritage and continuity of the company. It all depends on whether there would be enough sales potential to make this a profitable product.

Meredith had an excellent management science course as part of her MBA program in college, so she realizes that break-even analysis is needed to help make this decision. With this in mind, she instructs several staff members to investigate this prospective product further, including developing estimates of the related costs and revenues as well as forecasting the potential sales.

One month later, the preliminary estimates of the relevant financial figures come back. The cost of designing the grandfather clock and then setting up the production facilities to produce this product would be approximately \$250,000. There would be only one production run for this limited edition grandfather clock. The additional cost for each clock produced would be roughly \$2,000. The marketing department estimates that their price for selling the clocks can be successfully set at about \$4,500 apiece, but a firm forecast of how many clocks can be sold at this price has not yet been obtained. However, it is believed that the sales likely would reach into three digits.

Meredith wants all these numbers pinned down considerably further. However, she feels that some analysis can be done now to draw preliminary conclusions.

A Assuming that all clocks produced are sold develop a