Distinguish between a technology-based water pollution

Chapter 14 Questions1.Distinguish between a “technology-based” water pollution–control program and an“ambient-based” program.2.In order to meet TMDL limits in a cost-effective manner, what is the appropriate role ofthe equimarginal principle? What about the economic efficiency principle?3.Controlling the residuals from the production of bleached tissue paper is about fivetimes costlier than controlling the residuals from unbleached tissue paper. Analyze thisdifference with our standard pollution-control model. What does it suggest in terms of publicpolicy toward water-pollution control?4.What are likely to be the main problems in establishing cap-and-trade programs forwater-pollution control?Chapter 15 Questions1.Discuss the importance of the question of whether air-pollution damage functions havethresholds for establishing ambient air quality standards.2.Suppose that engineers invented an accurate and reliable means of monitoring andmeasuring the emissions from individual automobiles throughout the year. What possibilitieswould this open up for new types of mobile-source emission control programs?3.The federal mobile-source air-pollution program means that new cars sold in ruralregions meet the same emissions standards as cars sold in urban areas. Because there are fewercars in rural areas, this means that air quality will be a lot better there than in the cities. Is thisefficient? Is it equitable?4.What are the advantages and disadvantages of a “new-source” bias in stationary-sourceair-pollution control? Consider especially its impacts on the incentives of the operators ofexisting sources.


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